Acid and Derivatives. One route to synthesize levulinic acid is from furfuryl alcohol (FA), which is a compound that can be obtained from biomass. 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and levulinic acid production from glucose in a cascade of reactions using a Lewis acid (CrCl3) catalyst together with a Brønsted acid (HCl) catalyst in aqueous media is investigated. Several reports indicate that levulinic acid has been successfully used as an acidulant in carbonated and fruit juice beverages, jams and jellies. 27 Jun 2014 Levulinic acid is one of the top value-added chemicals. 19 Sep 2013 A process for the production of levulinic acid and formic acid and, if desired, cellulose, a sugar product and/or bio- ethanol from biomass in a formic acid-based cooking process, wherein the formic acid is used as a catalyst for the formation of levulinic acid. 1016/j. 5. The process consists of 2 reaction steps: (1) non-catalytic hydrothermal decomposition of cellulose at moderate temperatures (190–270 °C) to produce organic water-soluble compounds in. 2 Continuous production of LA. We are now perfectly-placed to bring bio-based levulinic acid to market and enable new applications that will replace petro-based products,” Maxim Katinov, CEO GFBiochemicals. 12  highest levulinic acid yield reported (93. 2. 1 Introduction. Keywords acid, bagasse; biorefinery; carbohydrate, catalyst, ester, ethylene glycol, extraction, furfural; humins, hydrolysis; hydrolytic; hydroxymethylfurfural; ketal; levulinic acid; lignocellulosics; solvolysis; sugarcane; sulfonic acid  Conversion of. Characterization results revealed that properties such as surface area, mesoporosity and acidic strength of the catalyst have significant effects on glucose dehydration for levulinic acid production. Levulinic acid is being increasingly used as a substitute to its synthetic counterparts in industrial usage. Producing levulinic acid from biomass is attractive from economic as well as environmental aspects. A high LA yield of. elsevier. Correction for 'High concentration levulinic acid production from corn stover' by Siamak Alipour et al. biortech. Hexose. Chemical industry is organised around the production and further processing of such building blocks or  This work uses water hyacinth as the raw material and the methanesulfonic acid as the hydrolytic catalyst to prepare LA (levulinic acid) with microwave hea. 3. 11 Claims  The GreenSolRes-Project demonstrates the levulinic acid value chain of lignocellulosic feedstocks to high-value products in a 3-step approach on TRL 6 to 7: First, the feedstock of GFBs existing demo plant in Caserta is shifted to lignocellulosic residues or wastes by implementation of a char separation unit and a boiler to . 3 Biomass valorisation using the biorefinery concept. Levulinic acid is one of the chemicals on the famous list of green 'chemical building blocks' of the US Department of Energy, some ten years ago. Furthermore, the recovery of mineral acid catalyst is cumbersome and costly. 1. The technology is being demonstrated on a 1 ton/day scale at a facility in South Glens Falls, New York. Different cheap raw materials ( poplar sawdust, paper mill sludge, tobacco chops, wheat straw, olive tree pruning ) were employed as substrates. Low cost LA can be used as a platform chemical for the production of a wide range of  Jun 27, 2014 Levulinic acid is one of the top value-added chemicals. 2017 Feb;225:183-190. Acid. 063. Therefore, this paper  Abstract: Studies were carried out on the effects of temperature, acid concentration, liquid:solid ratio and reaction time on levulinic acid production United States Patent Ofiice 2,738,367 Patented Mar. Wastes to Levulinic. 4 Biofine Char. Although levulinic acid has been well known since the 1870s, it has never reached a commercial use in significant volume. 4. 1 Biomass applications for energy generation and chemicals production. It can be obtained through the hydrolysis of some types of saccharides such as glucose, the constituent unit of cellulose. Please cite as: CHEMIK 2016, 70, 4, 203–208. The former term “ levulose” for fructose gave levulinic acid its name. , 2016, 6, 111616–111621. Furfural. It is shown that CrCl3 is an  In this paper we introduce a process to produce levulinic acid from cellulose without the use of a homogeneous acid catalyst. 6. HMF. 51, issue C, 548-565. LA could facilitate the commercialization of the polymer poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and PHBV-based products as carbon substrates. Levulinic acid production by two-step acid-catalyzed treatment of Quercus mongolica using dilute sulfuric acid. Keywords acid, bagasse; biorefinery; carbohydrate, catalyst, ester, ethylene glycol, extraction, furfural; humins, hydrolysis; hydrolytic; hydroxymethylfurfural; ketal; levulinic acid; lignocellulosics; solvolysis; sugarcane; sulfonic acid  Conversion of. A. Low cost LA can be used as a platform chemical for the production of a wide range  The hydrothermal conversion of waste biomass to levulinic acid was investigated in the presence of homogeneous acid catalysts. Different cheap raw materials (poplar sawdust, paper mill sludge, tobacco chops, wheat straw, olive tree pruning) were employed as substrates. Y. 278,137. Chemical industry is organised around the production and further processing of such building blocks or  The production technology for bio-based levulinic acid has been simplified by dehydration of biomass or carbohydrates with acid. 2016. 1 g catalyst loading and 0. Serial No. In addition to formic acid further, partly insoluble, by-products are produced. Pacific Northwest. The Biofine Process. The yields of levulinic acid were improved by  14 Feb 2017 Abstract: Agricultural waste cow dung was used as feedstock for the production of a high value–added chemical levulinic acid (LA) in dilute acid aqueous solutions. 65 million revenue, with a  Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51 (2015) 548–565 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews journal homepage: www. Low cost LA can be used as a platform chemical for the production of a wide range  Bagasse (lignocellulose). Corporation for use with their levulinic acid production technology. com/locate/rser Levulinic acid production from renewable waste resources: Bottlenecks, potential remedies, advancements and   Apr 4, 2013 Levulinic acid (LA) can be cost-effectively produced from a vast array of renewable carbohydrate-containing biomaterials. Biomass. 11. Biofine, a technology development company, is. The yields of levulinic acid were improved by  “Our Team of experts has decades of experience in innovation, production and business development. The original synthesis of levulinic acid is done by heating hexoses (glucose, fructose) or starch in dilute hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid. An acid catalyzed hydrothermal process for converting bio. 4 Conversion of biomass to levulinic acid. Therefore, this paper  He synthesized it by heating fructose with hydrochloric acid. 2 Production of Levulinic Acid, Formic Acid and Furfural. National Laboratory, is being licensed to Biofine. corporation of Virginia No Drawin Application March 22, 1952,. Lignin. Hemicellulose. Levulinic acid is one of the chemicals on the famous list of green 'chemical building blocks' of the US Department of Energy, some ten years ago. 29 Sep 2017 Levulinic acid production from renewable waste resources: Bottlenecks, potential remedies, advancements and applications. Epub 2016 Nov 16. , RSC Adv. Both the mass of the biomass and the amount of hydrochloride acid were kept as constants, and the effects of  Levulinic acid is a key platform chemical. The technology is being demonstrated on a one ton/day scale at a facility in South Glens Falls, New York. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51 (2015) 548–565 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews journal homepage: www. Cellulose. 1 Acid Hydrolysis of Polysaccharides. A method of levulinic acid production from bagasse and paddy straw is presented. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, vol. ABOUT THE PROJECT. Tar. , a. Warsaw, Poland. com/locate/rser Levulinic acid production from renewable waste resources: Bottlenecks, potential remedies, advancements and  FOOD AND PHARMACEUTICAL USES The production of levulinic acid from corn starch at a low cost would result in its consideration for various food applications. 9 g/kg was obtained from the pretreated cow dung, which was much higher than that obtained from the crude cow dung  2. In 2008, a  Production of Levulinic Acid and Other Chemicals from Sugarcane Fibre. 4. Cellulose is the most abundant natural resource on this planet; however, its rigid structure prevents the easy utilization of cellulose  The hydrothermal conversion of waste biomass to levulinic acid was investigated in the presence of homogeneous acid catalysts. For this route, the hydration and ring opening of  Levulinic acid (LA) can be produced cost effectively and in high yield from renewable feedstocks in a new industrial process. The hydrothermal conversion of waste biomass to levulinic acid was investigated in the presence of homogeneous acid catalysts. The yields of levulinic acid were improved by  Bioresour Technol. Apr 13, 2015 The production of levulinic acid is gaining momentum. 9. Cellulose is the most abundant natural resource on this planet; however, its rigid structure prevents the easy utilization of cellulose  GFBiochemicals has developed a proprietary technology platform for levulinic acid production that will enable them to manufacture a variety of drop-in and substitute chemicals as well as biofuels for new and existing markets. Andrzej FRANKIEWICZ* – Liquid Fuels and Bio-economy Department, Automotive Industry Institute,. 8. Levulinic. Amruta Morone, Mayura Apte and R. Asphalt-like. Abstract: The rise in fuel and oil prices has driven the  13 Apr 2016 Overview of 4-oxopentanoic (levulinic) acid production methods – an intermediate in the biorefinery process. 2 Biomass: definitions, composition and sources. 1 g glucose feed. 3 Products of The Biofine Process. LA could facilitate the commercialization of the polymer poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) ( PHBV) and PHBV-based products as carbon substrates. First commercial production of levulinic acid began as a batchwise  The rise in fuel and oil prices has driven the hunt for alternative renewable resources for production of chemical intermediates or biofuels since they provide a sustainable solution to an increasing demand. On the basis of  4 Apr 2013 Levulinic acid (LA) can be cost-effectively produced from a vast array of renewable carbohydrate-containing biomaterials. -Redmon, Baltimore, Mdi, assignor to National Distillers Products Corporation, New York, N. 1 Preparation methods of LA. 2 Advantages over Conventional Lignocellulosic Technologies. GFBiochemicals has developed a proprietary technology platform for levulinic acid production that will enable them to manufacture a variety of drop-in and substitute chemicals as well as biofuels for new and existing markets. Levulinic acid (LA) can be produced cost effectively and in high yield from renewable feedstocks in a new industrial process. The catalytic process for methyl tetrahydrofuran production, developed at. The global levulinic acid market is anticipated to reach USD 19. doi: 10. Even gasoline range chemicals could be produced from levulinic acid making it a strategically significant compound. 7. Biomass waste was mixed with hydrochloride acid and water, and then liquefied at about 2008C in a pressurized reactor. 338. 11. Substance. Reduction of furfural to levulinic acid. 10. Pandey. 5 Economics of The Biofine  “Our Team of experts has decades of experience in innovation, production and business development. Levulinic acid (LA), one of the platform chemicals, can be produced chemically using renewable resources such as  Levulinic acid (LA) can be produced cost effectively and in high yield from renewable feedstocks in a new industrial process. Corresponding author: Andrzej  13 Apr 2015 The production of levulinic acid is gaining momentum. PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LEVULINIC ACID Frym -C. Mar 29, 2016 Levulinic acid (LA) is one of the compounds included in the list of the 12 chemicals, known as “building blocks” obtained from biomass. Pentose. 13,1956. Jeong H(1), Jang SK(2), Hong CY(1), Kim SH(2), Lee SY(1), Lee SM(1), Choi JW(3), Choi IG(4). Formic acid is co-produced in the process while LA yield is around 70–80 mol%, highest reported in literature by any other chemical process. Production of Levulinic Acid and Other Chemicals from Sugarcane Fibre. 1 Yields and Efficiencies of The Biofine Process. 5%) at 140 °C, 180 min reaction time, 0. In 2008, a  Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(135), undefined (2013-2-26). The yield depends on the nature of the acid, acid concentration, temperature and pressure